AskDefine | Define sclerosis

Dictionary Definition

sclerosis n : any pathological hardening or thickening of tissue [syn: induration] [also: scleroses (pl)]

User Contributed Dictionary



  1. The abnormal hardening of body tissues, such as an artery.


Extensive Definition

Sclerosis or sclerotization is a hardening of tissue and other anatomical features

In medicine

  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis sometimes known as Lou Gehrig's disease, a progressive, incurable, usually fatal disease of motor neurons. Scientist Stephen Hawking suffers from this disease
  • Atherosclerosis, a deposit of fat in the arteries which causes hardening
  • Hippocampal sclerosis, a brain damage often seen in individuals with temporal lobe epilepsy
  • Lichen sclerosus, a disease hardening and connecting flesh of the vagina and the penis of men and women. An autoimmune disorder
  • Liver sclerosis, causes the inability of the liver to process and metabolize the female hormone and it causes the imbalance of male and female hormone and impotence
  • Multiple sclerosis, a central nervous system disease which affects coordination
  • Osteosclerosis, a condition where the bone density is significantly increased
  • Otosclerosis, a disease of the ears
  • Systemic sclerosis (progressive systemic scleroderma), a rare, chronic disease which affects the skin, and in some cases also blood vessels and internal organs
  • Tuberous sclerosis, a rare genetic disease which affects multiple systems

In botany

  • a process which hardens plant tissue by adding fibers and sclereids, resulting in sclerenchyma
sclerosis in French: Sclérose
sclerosis in Portuguese: Esclerose
sclerosis in Russian: Склероз
sclerosis in Swedish: Skleros
sclerosis in Chinese: 硬化

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

abscess, ague, anemia, angina, angina pectoris, ankylosis, anoxia, aortic insufficiency, aortic stenosis, apnea, apoplectic stroke, apoplexy, arrhythmia, arteriosclerosis, asphyxiation, asthma, ataxia, atherosclerosis, atrial fibrillation, atrophy, auricular fibrillation, backache, beriberi heart, bleeding, blennorhea, cachexia, cachexy, calcification, callusing, cardiac arrest, cardiac insufficiency, cardiac shock, cardiac stenosis, cardiac thrombosis, carditis, case hardening, chill, chills, colic, concretion, congenital heart disease, constipation, convulsion, cor biloculare, cor juvenum, cor triatriatum, cornification, coronary, coronary insufficiency, coronary thrombosis, coughing, crystallization, cyanosis, diarrhea, diastolic hypertension, dizziness, dropsy, dysentery, dyspepsia, dyspnea, edema, emaciation, encased heart, endocarditis, extrasystole, fainting, fatigue, fatty heart, fever, fibrillation, fibroid heart, firming, flask-shaped heart, flux, fossilization, frosted heart, granulation, growth, hairy heart, hardening, heart attack, heart block, heart condition, heart disease, heart failure, hemorrhage, high blood pressure, hornification, hydrops, hypertension, hypertensive heart disease, hypotension, icterus, indigestion, induration, inflammation, insomnia, ischemic heart disease, itching, jaundice, labored breathing, lapidification, lithification, low blood pressure, lumbago, marasmus, mitral insufficiency, mitral stenosis, myocardial infarction, myocardial insufficiency, myocarditis, myovascular insufficiency, nasal discharge, nausea, necrosis, ossification, ox heart, pain, palpitation, paralysis, paralytic stroke, paroxysmal tachycardia, pericarditis, petrifaction, petrification, pile, premature beat, pruritus, pseudoaortic insufficiency, pulmonary insufficiency, pulmonary stenosis, rash, rheum, rheumatic heart disease, round heart, seizure, setting, shock, skin eruption, sneezing, solidification, sore, spasm, steeling, stiffening, stony heart, stroke, tabes, tachycardia, tempering, thrombosis, toughening, tricuspid insufficiency, tricuspid stenosis, tumor, turtle heart, upset stomach, varicose veins, varix, ventricular fibrillation, vertigo, vitrifaction, vitrification, vomiting, wasting
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